The name gynecomastia comes from the Greek “gyne”, which means woman and “mastos” – breast, or female breasts. Gynecomastia is quite common and affects one or both breasts. It occurs during puberty in young boys as well as in menopause in older men.
In both of these cases, there is an increase in glandular tissue. The growth of adipose tissue associated with obesity can cause gynecomastia at any age. According to Oh My Moobs, there is also gynecomastia that accompanies many genetic diseases such as Klinefelter syndrome or sexual hypogonadism, endocrine diseases, as well as alcoholic liver cirrhosis. Hyperplazja, i.e. mild glandular tissue growth, is based on moderate proliferation of the ducts leading the breast gland and the growth of its fibrous tissue. It is believed that estrogens or estrogen-like substances circulating in the blood are a factor stimulating such processes.
Breast reduction treatment is particularly helpful for men with a cosmetic defect in breast growth.
During the procedure, the adipose tissue and the glandular tissue of the breast are removed, and in extreme cases it is also necessary to exclude excess skin. Thanks to this, a firm and well-formed chest is obtained.
If you suffer from gynecomastia, this information will allow you to better understand what the surgery is and what results you can expect from it. This information will not answer all your questions, because the method of treatment depends on many individual factors.
The treatment of gynecomastia can be carried out in healthy and emotionally balanced men of all ages. The best candidates are men whose breast skin is firm and elastic.
Surgery is contraindicated in obese, overweight men, who should start treatment with physical exercise and weight loss. In addition, the procedure is not carried out in men abusing alcohol, and using drugs, including mainly anabolics. The latter are one of the causes of gynecomastia. In such cases, it is recommended to discontinue the use of the drugs and often after a few weeks notice the reduction in breast size without the need for surgical intervention.
If the breast reduction procedure is performed by a qualified surgeon, complications are extremely rare. There may be: infection, skin damage, surface irregularities, bleeding and fluid accumulation at the surgical site. If breast asymmetry is significant, the next procedure should be performed to correct excess tissue. Often, however, temporary loss of nipple sensation occurs or its numbness is felt. These symptoms usually disappear within a year.
During the initial consultation, our surgeon will gather an accurate interview and conduct a breast examination. In this way it will be possible to identify the causes of gynecomastia such as: liver damage, the use of estrogen drugs, or anabolics. If the cause of gynecomastia is not explained, the surgeon may refer you to specialist examinations. In some cases, the surgeon may also recommend ultrasound or mammography. All this to rule out the presence of breast cancer, although this is extremely rare. The above mentioned studies also allow to assess the composition of breast tissue. In this way, it is well known whether the glandular or fat tissue prevails and which surgical technique should be used.
Our surgeon will give you precise instructions on how to prepare for surgery, whether to eat, drink, take vitamins and other medicines before and on the day of surgery. Smokers should stop smoking at least one to two weeks before the planned surgery and during the convalescence period. Because smoking cigarettes weakens blood microcirculation and disturbs proper healing of the surgical areas.